System of ranks in martial arts (part 1)

System of ranks in martial arts (part 1)

Practically in any field of martial arts, in one form or another, there is a graduation system for students. Somewhere, to indicate the level of the student, colored belts are used. In some directions, this function is performed by stripes or elements of clothing. But one way or another, some specific insignia are present.

All of them are given for a reason. To obtain them, you must pass an exam or test. The form may differ, but the essence remains the same for any direction. How important this is or just a tribute to tradition, today we will talk in more detail. But I would like to start from the origins that are rooted in ancient history and even the animal world.

The structure of relationships in the animal kingdom

Let’s start with what is the division into classes, types, castes, and so on. The hierarchical structure is inherent even in the wild. There is always the leader of the pack, there are individuals close to him. There are those who are responsible for obtaining food or raising offspring. In any group of living beings there are also outcasts who, for one reason or another, are not included in the group or flock. Everyone has social roles.

But at the same time, it is worth noting that this is not the only option for social interaction. In the wild, there is another pattern in which non-linear interaction and subordination occurs in a group of three individuals. Thus, two main types of hierarchy can be distinguished:

  • linear;
  • nonlinear.

Moreover, the second type is less common and denies the “alpha model” of behavior.

Social division in human history

In human society, from time immemorial, there has also been a certain division of people on one or another basis. Perhaps, there is not a single ethnic group or not a single culture that would not be affected by this.

In Indian, and then in Nepalese culture, there has always been a caste division. And despite the prohibitions of the government, in many cities far from civilization, there is still a division of society.

Interestingly, castes are so rooted in the culture of this country that even with the advent of Christianity and Islam, the division remained. Although this is contrary to both the Bible and the Koran. Undoubtedly, the caste division of Hindu Christians and Hindus Muslims has changed somewhat, but has not completely disappeared.

Castes were also common in Latin America. Although they appeared during the period of colonization by Europeans. By the way, unlike the Indian varnas, they were not eternal and gave their representatives much more freedom.

Classism was also inherent in the society of Ancient Rome, in which the following main groups could be distinguished:

  • patricians;
  • plebeians;
  • slaves.

However, these classes also had their own internal division. Sometimes the political system of Rome changed, but at the same time, the division into groups always remained.

Ancient Egypt also did not stand aside, which had an equally clear social structure:

  • pharaohs;
  • priests and nobles;
  • military and officials;
  • peasants and artisans;
  • slaves.

Hierarchy was in any culture, it was in Ancient Greece or Mesopotamia, Asia or Europe. There was even a special Nine Rank System in China that was used for civil service appointments.

The system of classes and ranks in the modern world

The modern world is no exception and has also retained a hierarchical structure, although it looks somewhat different. Yes, due to the emergence of “social elevators”, changing social status has become much easier and more accessible.

In the modern world, three classes can be conditionally distinguished:

  • higher;
  • average;
  • lower.

Scientists periodically add new concepts. But they are more likely an extension of the ones listed above, or just subclasses.

Interesting fact: there is an opinion that it is the division of society that contributes to its development. After all, the upper class, taking advantage of the availability of free time, can develop art and science. And this is a necessary condition for civilization. At the same time, opponents of this theory argue that the poor have no free time precisely because the upper classes parasitize on their activities.

One way or another, but the division in the modern world is present in any industry and area. Many organizations now have a clear hierarchical structure:

  • private and public enterprises;
  • commercial and non-commercial organizations;
  • medical institutions;
  • educational establishments;
  • army;
  • church.

Each of these industries has its own clear gradation from the entry level to the top:

  • gradation of bosses and subordinates;
  • skill levels and degrees for doctors and researchers;
  • military ranks;
  • dignities, titles and degrees of the clergy.

We will not judge the effectiveness or inefficiency of some individual systems, but the fact that the hierarchy of dominance is present in almost every industry and sphere of modern human life is an indisputable fact.

It is impossible to deny the existence of division according to the level of knowledge and achievements. Always, in any field, there are junior and senior specialists, specialists of the highest category. Even education is divided into stages:

  • preschool;
  • school;
  • higher education.

And also there is a division into classes and courses in each of these types.

Distinction rank system in sports

This system touches every area of ​​our daily life. Sport, which has its own system of categories or titles, is no exception:

  • youth categories;
  • adult discharges;
  • the title of candidate for master of sport;
  • master of sport;
  • master of sport of international class.

The discharges themselves are also separated separately. Different directions may have their own characteristics, such as the official title “Grandmaster” in chess. There are also titles awarded at the state level for contributions to the development of sports, for example, Honored Master of Sports or Honored Coach.

Martial arts have their own gradation depending on the level of knowledge. It can be divided into two main categories:

  • apprenticeship degrees – called KYU;
  • master degrees – referred to as DAN.

In one form or another, it is present in any kind of martial arts, regardless of the country or region of origin. External manifestations may differ, but the essence always remains the same. At the same time, it is difficult to talk about a single principle for all martial arts.

By the way, not only the belts differ in different directions. Even gi for different types of martial arts have their own characteristics. But this is more likely based on the specifics of the training process. We wrote about this in more detail in the article How to choose a training gi for a child or adult.

We will describe in more detail how the external manifestations of ranks in single combat differ and what they can be, in the second part of this article. We will publish it in a week. In order not to miss, do not forget to subscribe to our official page on the Facebook social network.

You can read the second part of the article here.